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The State of New Hampshire
v.
Stephen Gigas

SUPREME COURT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

December 30, 1988

Appeal from Strafford County.
[ N.H. Page 389 ][ A.2d Page 321 ] The defendant appeals from his conviction in the Superior Court (Nadeau, J.) for the sale of cocaine and for possession with intent to distribute cocaine under RSA 318-B:2, :26. He argues that the trial court erred in denying his motion to suppress evidence seized pursuant to a non-consensual warrantless entry and subsequent arrests at a co-defendant's residence, without finding exigent circumstances. Because exigent circumstances must be present to justify a non-consensual warrantless entry and arrest, and because the trial court did not address the question of exigent circumstances, we remand for the trial judge's consideration of that issue.
On April 17, 1987, in the course of an investigation by the New Hampshire Drug Task Force (DTF), undercover officers Corporal Neal Scott and Detective Tim Connifey met with Thad Lefebvre, a suspected drug dealer, at the Friendship Inn in Dover. The officers agreed to purchase one pound of cocaine from Lefebvre the next day. Later that afternoon, Lefebvre telephoned Connifey's beeper, whereupon the agent called the number indicated, confirmed the agreement, and arranged to consummate the sale at 1:30 p.m. on the eighteenth. Connifey had reached Lefebvre at a number listed for apartment 96, building 4, Partridge Green Apartments, in Rochester. [ A.2d Page 322 ] On the morning of April 18, police placed Lefebvre under surveillance at his home on Eastern Avenue in Rochester and followed him to building 4, Partridge Green [ N.H. Page 390 ] Apartments, where he arrived about 12:40 p.m. Lefebvre left the complex three-quarters of an hour later and reached the Friendship Inn before 1:30 p.m. A police officer kept the Partridge Green building under surveillance after Lefebvre left.
Lefebvre met with the two undercover officers in the Friendship Inn while a Dover police detective conducted audio surveillance from the room next door. In exchange for $ 21,600, Lefebvre delivered a brown paper bag containing two plastic bags holding a white powdery substance which Scott weighed and field-tested, discerning the presence of cocaine. Detective Connifey kept watch for potential counter-surveillance by Lefebvre's associates throughout the transaction. Lefebvre was then arrested in the Friendship Inn parking lot in the presence of television reporters who had been informed by the police of the planned arrest.
Upon arriving at the Dover police station, Lefebvre asked to speak to a detective, waived his Miranda rights, and revealed that he had received the cocaine from the defendant at the Partridge Green residence of Charles Drew and Ronald English. Lefebvre related that although the defendant, Stephen Gigas, had been asleep when he had picked up the cocaine earlier on the eighteenth, their previous understanding required him to return with $ 19,000 of the $ 21,600 sale price. Lefebvre claimed that there was at least ...

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