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American Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Bullock

June 25, 2012

AMERICAN TRADITION PARTNERSHIP, INC., FKA WESTERN TRADITION PARTNERSHIP, INC., ET AL.
v.
STEVE BULLOCK, ATTORNEY GENERAL OF MONTANA, ET AL.



ON PETITION FOR WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE SUPREME COURT OF MONTANA

Per curiam.

567 U. S. ____ (2012)

A Montana state law provides that a "corporation may not make . . . an expenditure in connection with a candi- date or a political committee that supports or opposes a candidate or a political party." Mont. Code Ann. §13- 35-227(1) (2011). The Montana Supreme Court rejected petitioners' claim that this statute violates the First Amendment. 2011 MT 328, 363 Mont. 220, 271 P. 3d 1. In Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, this Court struck down a similar federal law, holding that "political speech does not lose First Amendment protection simply because its source is a corporation." 558 U. S. ___, ___ (2010) (slip op., at 26) (internal quotation marks omit- ted). The question presented in this case is whether the holding of Citizens United applies to the Montana state law. There can be no serious doubt that it does. See U. S. Const., Art. VI, cl. 2. Montana's arguments in support of the judgment below either were already rejected in Citizens United, or fail to meaningfully distinguish that case.

The petition for certiorari is granted. The judgment of the Supreme Court of Montana is reversed.

It is so ordered.

JUSTICE BREYER, with whom JUSTICE GINSBURG, JUS- TICE SOTOMAYOR, and JUSTICE KAGAN join, dissenting.

In Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, the Court concluded that "independent expenditures, includ ing those made by corporations, do not give rise to corrup tion or the appearance of corruption." 558 U. S. ___, ___ (2010) (slip op., at 42). I disagree with the Court's hold- ing for the reasons expressed in Justice Stevens' dissent in that case. As Justice Stevens explained, "technically in dependent expenditures can be corrupting in much the same way as direct contributions." Id., at ___ (slip op., at 67-68). Indeed, Justice Stevens recounted a "substantial body of evidence" suggesting that "[m]any corporate inde pendent expenditures . . . had become essentially inter changeable with direct contributions in their capacity to generate quid pro quo arrangements." Id., at ___ (slip op., at 64-65).

Moreover, even if I were to accept Citizens United, this Court's legal conclusion should not bar the Montana Su preme Court's finding, made on the record before it, that independent expenditures by corporations did in fact lead to corruption or the appearance of corruption in Montana. Given the history and political landscape in Montana, that court concluded that the State had a compelling interest in limiting independent expenditures by corporations. 2011 MT 328, ¶¶ 36-37, 363 Mont. 220, 235-236, 271 P. 3d 1, 36-37. Thus, Montana's experience, like considerable ex perience elsewhere since the Court's decision in Citizens United, casts grave doubt on the Court's supposition that independent expenditures do not corrupt or appear to do so.

Were the matter up to me, I would vote to grant the petition for certiorari in order to reconsider Citizens United or, at least, its application in this case. But given the Court's per curiam disposition, I do not see a significant possibility of reconsideration. Consequently, I vote in stead to deny the petition.

20120625

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