The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hicks, J.
a.m. on the morning of their release. The direct address of the court's home page is: http://www.courts.state.nh.us/supreme.
Petitioner Property Portfolio Group, LLC (PPG) appeals an order of the Superior Court (Lewis, J.) upholding a decision of the planning board (board) of the respondent, the Town of Derry, to grant the applicant, MTM Realty, LLC (MTM), a waiver from a provision of the town's site plan regulations. See RSA 674:44, III(e) (Supp. 2011). We affirm.
The record reflects the following facts. MTM owns property at the corner of West Broadway and Central Street in Derry. West Broadway is north of the property, and Central Street is to its east. PPG owns a residential apartment building on Central Street abutting the property to the south. In 2005, the board granted an application for site plan determination to convert the property from its prior use as a fire station to a restaurant and bar. See generally Prop. Portfolio Group v. Town of Derry, 154 N.H. 610 (2006). The lot comprises approximately 11,325 square feet, and the restaurant, known as The Halligan Tavern, covers most of it. An L-shaped parking area with a one-way drive aisle surrounds the building to its west and south, leading from West Broadway to Central Street. To the south of the parking area, a landscaped buffer runs along the lot's southern boundary. A loading zone services the building on its south side. Two covered dumpsters are located at the southwest corner of the lot.
Pursuant to the town's site plan regulations, solid waste storage areas are required to be at least twenty-five feet from any property boundary. See Derry, N.H., Land Development Control Regulations, part 3, art. XI, § 170-67(B)(1) (2008) (LDCR). In 2010, as part of an application for further site plan determination, MTM submitted a request for a waiver from this requirement, seeking permission to move the dumpsters closer to its boundary with PPG. Specifically, MTM represented that the dumpsters were then located approximately twenty-three feet from its south lot line and four-and-a-half feet from its west side lot line, and requested approval to move them to a location eighteen feet from its south lot line and three feet from the west lot line.
The town's site plan regulations expressly authorize the board to waive any specific regulation if "unnecessary hardship may result from strict compliance with" it, so long as: (1) the waiver does not "nullify the intent and purpose of [the] regulations"; (2) the board "requires such conditions as will, in its judgment, secure the objectives of the regulations which are waived"; (3) the request is in writing; (4) the waiver is supported by evidence submitted by the applicant; (5) the board formally votes on the request; and (6) the waiver is noted on the final plan. LDCR § 170-50(A); see RSA 674:44, III(e) (requiring site plan review regulations to include a provision allowing for waiver). In its written request for a waiver, MTM asserted that strict compliance with the setback would cause unnecessary hardship because locating the dumpsters so as to comply with the setback would place them so far into the delivery and parking area that they would interfere with the flow of traffic, including delivery and emergency vehicles. It further asserted that complying with the setback would bring the dumpsters closer to the sidewalks and streets, making them more visible to pedestrian and motor vehicle traffic. Moving the dumpsters to the proposed location, according to MTM, would provide safer access to all areas of the building, and would improve access to the dumpsters by refuse trucks. The waiver would not nullify the intent and purpose of the setback, MTM asserted, because MTM would properly screen and enclose the dumpsters in their new location, and because the dumpsters would be less visible from the street.
The board held a public hearing on the application. At the hearing, MTM represented that its proposal was to move the dumpsters as far from the southwest corner of the building as possible because the area contained a fire lane, and "the maximum amount of feasible space [was required] for safety vehicles and to facilitate traffic around the building." The proposed location, according to MTM, was three feet into the paved portion of the lot, and would "allow safety vehicles, fire equipment and traffic to come around the corner" of the building. MTM further noted that the proposed location would allow refuse trucks to access the dumpsters from Central Street, would lessen the amount of time required for trucks to access the dumpsters, and would keep the trucks away from the building. MTM concluded that the proposed location was the safest location for the dumpsters, and was the furthest possible distance from the Broadway and Central Street sight lines. PPG opposed the request, asserting that the dumpsters were already unlawfully located, that they negatively affected its ability to rent apartments, that moving them closer would further affect its tenants and encroach on the buffer, and that MTM had not established hardship.
After closing the public hearing portion of the meeting, the board discussed the waiver request, and asked follow-up questions of MTM's representatives. One member asked whether MTM was planning to enclose the dumpsters. MTM represented that while the dumpsters were not at that time enclosed, it would fence them in with fencing as high as the tallest dumpster. When the member asked what type of fence it would use, MTM stated that it was open to suggestions, but that chain link would be the most practical. The member suggested that slats could be added to the fence.
The board then explored the feasibility of locating the dumpsters elsewhere. One member "recalled . . . the only other place to put the dumpster area that would meet the requirements, was the loading zone." When asked whether delivery trucks use the loading zone, MTM confirmed that delivery trucks ordinarily utilize the loading zone. MTM added that the loading zone was behind where gas is delivered to the building. The member then noted that fire safety was a concern because that area was partially a fire lane, and was also near the gas tank. While locating the dumpsters there might meet the waste storage setback, he observed that it would not satisfy the fire code. Another member added that he "would rather meet the life safety code." At that point, the board voted to accept jurisdiction, and to waive the solid waste storage setback "with the condition that a chain link fence be provided around the area with the appropriate screening."
PPG and another abutter appealed to superior court. See RSA 677:15 (Supp. 2011). Among other arguments, PPG contended that the board acted unlawfully by granting the waiver because it had not made specific findings on the record which, PPG claimed, it was obligated to make pursuant to RSA 674:44, III(e). The trial court rejected this argument, reasoning as follows:
Here, it is true that the Planning Board did not specifically state the basis for its grant of the waiver in the minutes. Yet the minutes do reflect that the Board gave a sufficiently detailed review of the pertinent circumstances, which included Board members trying to determine if there were any reasonable alternatives for the dumpster placement other than to grant the waiver with fencing and screening.
The Court deems the minutes to reflect sufficiently the basis for the Board's decision for purposes of RSA 674:44, III(e). The minutes show the Board's basis for concluding that the substantive requirements for a waiver were met. It was proper as well for the Board to proceed here through a site plan determination type of process. The dictates for the granting of the pertinent waiver were sufficiently met.
On appeal, PPG argues: (1) the board failed to make findings required under RSA 674:44, III(e); (2) the trial court erred by treating RSA 674:44, III(e) as imposing ministerial or technical requirements that may be met by implication; and (3) the evidence did not support a waiver.
The trial court's review of a planning board decision is limited. See Ltd. Editions Properties v. Town of Hebron, 162 N.H. 488, 491 (2011). The trial court must treat the board's factual findings as prima facie lawful and reasonable, and cannot set the decision aside absent unreasonableness or identified error of law. See id. "The trial court is not to determine whether it agrees with a planning board's findings, but rather whether there is evidence upon which they could have been reasonably based." Id. It is the petitioner's burden to demonstrate, by the balance of probabilities, that the board's decision was unreasonable. See id. We, in turn, will uphold the trial court's order unless it is unsupported by the record or legally erroneous, see ...