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Taal v. St. Mary's Bank

United States District Court, First Circuit

August 5, 2013

Baboucar B. Taal
St. Mary's Bank, Discover Bank, and Niederman, Stanzel & Lindsey.


PAUL BARBADORO, District Judge.

Baboucar Taal appeals from a Bankruptcy Court ruling dismissing his Chapter 13 petition. Taal filed his brief more than a month late. The brief is largely unintelligible and fails to comply with Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 8010(a)(1). Appellee St. Mary's Bank ("SMB") has moved to strike Taal's brief and dismiss his appeal. I determine that: (1) Taal's untimely filing was the result of excusable neglect; (2) his brief must nevertheless be stricken because it is unintelligible and fails to comply with Bankruptcy Court Rules; and (3) Taal will be given 14 days to file a brief that clearly sets forth his appellate arguments and complies with Rule 8010(a)(1). Accordingly, I grant in part and deny in part SMB's motion to strike and dismiss. (Doc. No. 21.)[1]


Taal filed a notice of appeal from a bankruptcy court decision on April 23, 2013. Doc. No. 1. On May 2, 2013, he filed a "Motion to Amend/Alter Motion to Stay Pending Appeal' Order, " Doc. No. 9, which I denied on May 21, 2013. See Endorsed Order dated May 21, 2013. On May 20, 2013, Taal filed a Motion to Compel Production of Discovery. Doc. No. 12. I denied that motion on June 24, 2013. See Endorsed Order dated June 24, 2013. Taal finally submitted his appeals brief, Doc. No. 18, on June 28.

On July 3, SMB filed a motion to strike Taal's brief and dismiss the case for failure to comply with the briefing schedule in Rule 8009 or the briefing requirements set out in Rule 8010. See Fed.R.Bankr.P. 8009, 8010; Doc. No. 21. NSL and Discover Bank joined SMB's motion to strike and dismiss. Doc. Nos. 23, 30. Taal neither filed a response, nor offered any explanation for his failure to timely file a brief.


This court has jurisdiction to hear appeals from final judgments, orders, and decrees issued in bankruptcy court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ยง 158(a)(1). Generally, when reviewing a decision by a bankruptcy court, the district court upholds findings of fact unless they are clearly erroneous, and reviews legal conclusions de novo. Fed.R.Bankr.P. 8013; Palmacci v. Umpierrez , 121 F.3d 781, 785 (1st Cir. 1997); Askenaizer v. Moate , 406 B.R. 444, 447 (D.N.H. 2009). In this case, however, the appellees responded to Taal's appeal by raising the threshold argument that the appeal should be dismissed for failure to comply with the briefing schedule and briefing requirements in the Bankruptcy Rules. Because I strike Taal's brief for failure to comply with Rule 8010(a), I do not address the merits of his appeal. See Hermosilla v. Hermosilla , 447 B.R. 661, 664 (D. Mass. 2011).


The briefing schedule for a bankruptcy appeal to a federal district court is established by law. See Fed.R.Bankr.P. 8009. According to Rule 8009, an appellant has fourteen days after filing a notice of appeal within which to file a supporting brief. Id. at 8009(a)(1). Taal's appeal was entered on the docket on April 24, 2013. See Doc. No. 1. Thus, his brief should have been filed by May 8, 2013. See Fed.R.Bankr.P. 8009(a)(1). Taal failed to meet that deadline and, instead, filed an untimely brief on June 28, 2013. See Doc. No. 18. Untimely filing of a supporting brief permits but does not require dismissal of a bankruptcy appeal. See Hermosilla , 447 B.R. at 667 (noting that the First Circuit has not issued a decision directly on point, but that "most other courts in the First Circuit believe that the decision to dismiss bankruptcy appeals for failure to comply with Rule 8009 is discretionary" and collecting cases in support); see also In re Truong, 327 Fed.Appx. 260, 261 (2d Cir. 2009) ("[D]istrict courts should exercise their discretion and determine whether dismissal is appropriate where a party fails to comply with this rule.").

To determine whether to accept a late filed brief, a court considers whether "the failure to act was the result of excusable neglect." Fed.R.Bankr.P. 9006(b)(1); see Pioneer Inv. Servs. Co. v. Brunswick Assocs. Ltd. , 507 U.S. 380, 383 (1993) (noting that "Rule 9006 is a general rule governing the... enlargement... of periods of time prescribed in other bankruptcy rules"). "The burden of proving excusable neglect lies with the late-claimant." Jones v. Chemetron Corp. , 212 F.3d 199, 205 (3d Cir. 2000); see In re Enron Corp. , 419 F.3d 115, 121 (2d Cir. 2005); Hanson v. First Bank of S.D., N.A. , 828 F.2d 1310, 1314 (8th Cir. 1987); In re Moretti , 260 B.R. 602, 608 (B.A.P. 1st Cir. 2001).

To demonstrate "excusable neglect, " an appellant must first demonstrate that his filing was delayed due to "neglect." See Pioneer , 507 U.S. at 388 (stating that "neglect" "encompasses both simple faultless omissions to act and... omissions caused by carelessness"). The appellant must then demonstrate that his neglect was "excusable." Id. at 395. Courts consider a variety of factors in assessing whether a late-claimant's neglect was excusable, including "the danger of prejudice to the debtor, the length of the delay and its potential impact on judicial proceedings, the reason for the delay, including whether it was within the reasonable control of the movant, and whether the movant acted in good faith." Pioneer , 507 U.S. at 395; Graphic Commc'ns Int'l Union, Local 12-N v. Quebecor Printing Providence, Inc. , 270 F.3d 1, 5 (1st Cir. 2001).

Considering the Pioneer factors, and mindful that pro se pleadings are to be "liberally construed, " Estelle v. Gamble , 429 U.S. 97, 106 (1976), I decline to dismiss Taal's appeal for failure to timely file a supporting brief. SMB does not argue that it has been prejudiced by the late filing, and I discern no prejudice. The length of the filing delay was only one month. Cf. In re Braniff Airways, Inc. , 774 F.2d 1303, 1304-05 (5th Cir. 1985) (upholding district court's dismissal of a bankruptcy appeal where, after nineteen months, appellant still had not filed a brief); In re Tampa Chain Co. , 835 F.2d 54, 55 (2d Cir. 1987) (upholding district court's dismissal of bankruptcy appeal for failure to prosecute where the debtor failed to file a brief for seven months and failed to explain why). The delay in this case has not impacted the proceedings. Although Taal has not attempted to explain the delay, after reviewing the record generously, it appears that Taal believed his motion to amend/alter motion to stay pending appeal, Doc. No. 9, and his motion to compel discovery, Doc. No. 12, tolled the time period for filing a brief in support of his appeal, since he filed his brief, Doc. No. 18 (dated June 28, 2013), just four days after I denied the latter motion. See Endorsed Order denying Motion to Compel dated June 24, 2013. Finally, I see no evidence of bad faith on Taal's part in failing to timely file his brief.

Thus, I conclude that Taal's untimeliness does not warrant dismissal.

As SMB notes, however, there is a second problem with Taal's filing: it is unintelligible and fails to comply with Rule 8010(a)(1), which lists the elements of an adequate brief. See Fed.R.Bankr.P. 8010(a)(1). Rule 8010(a)(1) states that an appellant's brief ...

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